Citations - Part 1: Food

Foxcroft, Louise. “I Wonder - How We Fought Fat throughout History.” BBC, January 15, 2015,

Winston, Kimberly. “Gluttony and the Seven Deadly Sins.” Religion News Service, November 22, 2017,

Wolchover, Natalie. “The Real Skinny: Expert Traces America's Thin Obsession.” LiveScience, Purch, January 26, 2012,

Jez, Mojca. “Molecular Gastronomy – The Food Science.” Splice, September 24, 2015,

Rosenthal, Robert. “5 Psychological Tactics Marketers Use To Influence Consumer Behavior.” Fast Company, 7 July 2014, and Leonidou, Leonidas C., and Constantinos N. Leonidou. Rational Versus Emotional Appeals in Newspaper Advertising: Copy, Art, and Layout Differences, 15:4, 522-546. Journal of Promotion Management, 2009.

Wood, Orlando. “How Emotional Tugs Trump Rational Pushes.” The Journal of Advertising Research, March 1, 2012, 

Pringle, Hamish. “Why Emotional Messages Beat Rational Ones.” Ad Age, March 2, 2009, 

Zazzi, Jason. “Five Highly Emotional Ads That Went Viral In 2015.” Forbes, December 17, 2015,

"OCE | U.S. Food Waste Challenge | FAQ's." USDA.

Gianatasio, Dave. "Follow a Strawberry From Birth to Grave in This Oddly Emotional Ad About Food Waste." Adweek, April 20, 2016,

Hunt, Kristin. "Looking Back on 58yrs of McDonald's Slogans." Thrillist, September 2, 2013,

Garcia, Ahiza. "Coca-Cola Slogans through the Years." CNNMoney, January 19, 2016,

Hilton, Kyle. "The Science of Sensory Marketing." Harvard Business Review, March 2015,

Chodosh, Sara. "There's No Such Thing as Naturally Orange Cheese." Popular Science, February 16, 2018,

"Red Leicester." - World's Greatest Cheese Resource,

Rhodes, Jesse. “Food Dye Origins: When Margarine Was Pink.”, April 7, 2011,

“About Us.” History | McCain USA Foodservice, 2018,

McCabe, Maisie. “McCain Cooks up Potato-Scented Bus Stop Campaign.” Campaign US, February 7, 2012,

Gaines Lewis, Jordan. “Smells Ring Bells: How Smell Triggers Memories and Emotions.” Psychology Today, Sussex Publishers, January 12, 2015,

Hemsley, Steve. “Top Sensory Marketing Trends for 2016.” Marketing Week, January 18, 2016,

Annear, Steve. “Dunkin’ Donuts Sprays the Smell of Coffee Onto Buses to Increase Sales [Video].”, July 24, 2012,

Yoon, Eddie. “The Grocery Industry Confronts a New Problem: Only 10% of Americans Love Cooking.” Harvard Business Review, September 22, 2017,

Miller, Noah. “17% Of U.S. Adults Purchase Meal Kit Delivery Services.” Meal Kit Delivery Services, July 13, 2017,

Shontell, Alyson. “How 3 Guys Created Blue Apron, a $2 Billion Recipe-Delivery Business with 2,500 Employees, in 36 Months.” Business Insider, October 19, 2015,

Kell, John. “Meals in the Mail: How Blue Apron Got Started and Where It's Heading.” Fortune, September 11, 2016,

“Blue Apron Cuts Marketing Budget and Customer Count Drops.” Ad Age, August 10, 2017,

Pankaew, Derek. “An In-Depth Look at Blue Apron's $100 Million Marketing Strategy.” Marketing Strategy, December 12, 2017,

“Blue Apron Holdings, Inc. Form S-1.”, June 1, 2017,

de la Merced, Michael J. “Blue Apron Pursues I.P.O. as Amazon Looms Over Industry.” The New York Times, June 19, 2017,

Hirsch, Lauren, and Angela Moon. “Meal-Kit Maker Blue Apron Goes Public, Demand Underwhelms as Amazon...” Reuters, June 28, 2017,

“Coconut Flour Market Taxonomy By End Use – Industrial, Retail (Modern Trade, Grocery/Conventional Stores, E-Retailers); By Application – Baked Products (Bread, Cookies, Cakes),Snack Foods (Multi-Grain Chips, Polvoron, Kroepeck, Extruded Products), Extruded Products, Animal Feed; By Product Form – Whole Full Fat Flour, Low Fat High Fibre Flour, Medium Fat Flour; By Technology – Fresh-Dry Process, Wet Process; By Nature – Conventional, Organic.” Future Market Insights, May 22, 2017,

Ask Umbra®. “Are Coconut Products Bad for the Environment?” Grist, November 25, 2016,

“Behind the Seal - Fair Trade News.” Fair Trade Certified, 2018,

American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology. "21 percent increase in childhood peanut allergy since 2010: More children have food allergies, including more black children." ScienceDaily, October 27, 2017,

Ferdman, Roberto A. “The Rise of the American Almond Craze in One Nutty Chart.” The Washington Post, August 6, 2014,

Hamblin, James. “The Dark Side of Almond Use.” The Atlantic, August 28, 2014,

Watson, Elaine. “Almonds Are on Fire, Says Blue Diamond CEO as Meteoric Growth Rates Continue.”, March 25, 2014,

Stanley, T.L. “A Tasty Nut Butter Breaks Jelly's Heart in Tragicomic Ads for MaraNatha.” Adweek, September 18, 2017,

Ferdman, Roberto A. “The Rise of the American Almond Craze in One Nutty Chart.” The Washington Post, August 6, 2014,

Philpott, Tom. “Lay off the Almond Milk, You Ignorant Hipsters.” Mother Jones, July 16, 2014,

Bowes, Peter. “Why Are Almonds so Expensive?” BBC News, February 12, 2014,

“2017 Trend Insight” FONA International, 2017,

Foodmix Marketing Communications. “New Research Reveals Indulgence Has Reached America's Healthiest Eaters.” PR Newswire: News Distribution, Targeting and Monitoring, February 14, 2018,

Richards, Katie. “New Oreo Campaign Reminds You How Delightful Dunking Cookies Can Be.” Ad Week, February 8, 2017,

Mars. “Hungry Meme.” Tumblr, 2016,

O’Connor, Anahad. “The Claim: Chocolate Is an Aphrodisiac.” The New York Times, July, 18 2006,

Sandler, Emma. “Magnum Ice Cream Delivers A Luxuriously Sweet Treat This Summer With Moschino.” Forbes, July 11 2017,

Nichols, James Michael. “Magnum Wants You To 'Be True To Your Pleasure' -- No Matter What Your Gender.” The Huffington Post, February 2, 2016,

Magnum. “Selling Pleasure, Not Ice Cream.”, March 2011,

Rabasca Roepe, Lisa. “The Diet Industry.” SAGE Business Researcher, March 5. 2018,

Zacks Equity Research. “NutriSystem (NTRI) Adopts Multi-Brand Strategy for 2018.”, December 28, 2017,

Fain, Jean. “In 'Eating Lab,' A Psychologist Spills Secrets On Why Diets Fail.” NPR, June 1, 2015,

“Nutrisystem Poised to Expand via Multi-Brand Strategy for Diet Season 2018.” Business Wire, December 26, 2017,

“Nutrisystem Tumbles After Diet-Season Marketing Campaign Flops.” Ad Age, February 26, 2018,

“Nutrisystem Falls Sharply on Poor Q1 Guidance as Co Unable to Draw in Enough New Customers (NTRI).”, February 27, 2018,

Roberts, Michelle. “'Seductive Names' Make Vegetables More Appealing.” BBC News, June 13, 2017,

Weiner, Rachel. “The New York City Soda Ban Explained.” The Washington Post, March 11, 2013,

“Noble Eightfold Path.” Wikipedia, August 5, 2018,

“Pea Protein.” Eat This Much, 2018,,6629.

Andrews, A.J. “Soy Flour as a Hamburger Extender.” Healthy Eating | SF Gate, June 11, 2018,

True Food Kitchen, 2018,

Goldstein, Joelle. “Oprah Winfrey Invests in Healthy Restaurant Chain True Food Kitchen.” The Hollywood Reporter, July 11, 2018,

Citations - Part 2: Alcohol

 Controlled Substance Schedules.” DEA Diversion Control Division,

Lopez, German. “The War on Drugs, Explained.” Vox, May 8, 2016,

Smith, David E. and Skalnik, J. Robert,"Changing Patterns in the Consumption of Alcoholic Beverages in Europe and the United States.”, E - European Advances in Consumer Research Volume 2, eds. Flemming Hansen, Provo, UT : Association for Consumer Research, 1995, Pages: 343-355.

“Total alcoholic beverage sales in the United States from 2006 to 2016 (in million U.S. dollars).” Statista,

“Alcohol Advertising.” Federal Trade Commission Consumer Information, September 2013,

Stephenson, Steve. “Alcohol Advertising and Youth.” Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, April 2007,

“Whiskey and America: A Post-Prohibition Reunion (Fortune, 1933).” Fortune, June 24, 2012,

Dubois, Shelby. “The New United States of Booze.” Fortune, February 19, 2013,

Schultz., E.J. “Post-Prohibition Hangover: Why Booze Marketers Were Slow to Advertise.” Ad Age, December 5, 2013,

Schonbrun, Zach. "Beer Ads That Portray Women as Empowered Consumers, Not Eye Candy." The New York Times, January 31, 2016,

Nurin, Tara. “After Decades Of 'Beer Babe' Commercials, Liquor Ads Could Improve NFL's Gender Relations.” Fortune, June 9, 2017,

Domonoske, Camila. “Drinking On The Rise In U.S., Especially For Women, Minorities, Older Adults.” NPR, August 10, 2017,

Kindy, Kimberly, and Dan Keating. "For Women, Heavy Drinking Has Been Normalized. That's Dangerous." The Washington Post, December 23, 2016,

Koerner, Brendan. "The Long, Slow, Torturous Death of Zima." Slate Magazine, November 26, 2008, 

"ZIMA Is Back - You in or What?" MillerCoors, June 20, 2017,

Taylor, Kate. "A Controversial '90s-era Beverage That Was Pulled from Shelves during the Recession Is Back with a Vengeance." Business Insider, June 28, 2017,

Sixohsicks. "R/AskReddit - What Did Zima Taste Like?" Reddit, 2016,

Schultz., E.J. "Remember Zima? Clear Malt Beverage Is Poised for Comeback.” Ad Age, February 16, 2017,

York, Emily Bryson, and Robert Channick. "Skinnygirl Margarita Deal Shows Women's Buying Power." Los Angeles Times, March 30, 2011,

Kindy, Kimberly, and Dan Keating. "For Women, Heavy Drinking Has Been Normalized. That's Dangerous." The Washington Post, December 23, 2016,

Slade, Tim, Wendy Swift, Cath Chapman, and Maree Teesson. "Here's Why Women Are Drinking as Much Alcohol as Men." Newsweek, November 8, 2016,

Sheinbaum, Hilary. "Skinnygirl Bethenny Frankel on Overcoming Obstacles And Being A Woman In The Spirits Industry." Forbes, January 27, 2018,

Berg, Madeline. "Skinnygirl, Fat Wallet: How Bethenny Frankel Earns More Than Any Other Real Housewife." Forbes, November 17, 2016,

"Drink Like a Lady: Cocktailing Guide to Ladies' Drinks | Skinnygirl." Skinnygirl Cocktails,

Pikul, Corie. "The Best Drinks for Dieters.",

"Low Calorie Alcoholic Drinks: Low Cal Drinks | Skinnygirl." Skinnygirl Cocktails, 2015,

Bruso, Jessica. "Calories in Flavored Vodka." LIVESTRONG.COM, October 3, 2017,

Nunley, Kim. "How Many Calories in Rose Wine?" LIVESTRONG.COM, October 3, 2017,

"Brand Profile: Skinnygirl Has More Fun." Beverage Media Group, September 10, 2012,

Eber, Hailey. "Why 'Diet Booze' Leaves a Bad Taste in Our Mouths." New York Post. December 26, 2013.

Neill, Rob, and Associated Press. “Skinnygirl cocktails are fastest growing liquor brand, report says.” NBC News, November 2, 2018,

Maheshwari, Sapna. “Sales Slim Down For Bethenny Frankel's Skinnygirl Cocktail Brand.“ Buzzfeed, February 5, 2015,

“The Pendleton Whisky Posse.’ Pendleton, 2018,

Oster, Erik. “FCB Chicago Shares Some ‘Margarita Moments’ in New Bud Light Lime-A-Rita Campaign.” AgencySpy, March 14, 2017,

"Jane Walker - Black Label Scotch Whisky | Johnnie Walker." Walk With Us | Scotch Whisky Cocktails & Serves, 2016,

“1999: Budweiser airs its ‘Wassup’ commercial in 1999.” The Drum, March 31, 2016,

Fulton, Wil. “Holy Crap, Guys. the 'Whassup?!' Commercial Is 17 Years Old.” Thrillist, March 6, 2016,

Victor, Daniel. “How Do You Turn an Ad Into a Meme? Two Words: Dilly Dilly.” The New York Times, December 31, 2017, 

Haden, Jeff. “ 'Dilly Dilly': A Marketing Expert Analyzes the Highly Successful Bud Light Ad Campaign.” Inc., March 21, 2018, 

Flanagan, Graham. “What 'Dilly Dilly' means — and how Bud Light came up with its viral campaign.” Business Insider, February 4, 2018,

Erickson, Nate. "The Most Interesting Man in the World Is Gone. Long Live the Most Interesting Man in the World." Esquire. March 14, 2018,

Wolff-Mann, Ethan. "The Most Interesting Man in the World: Dos Equis Ad's Success | Money." Time. March 9, 2016.

Schultz, E.J. “Dos Equis Sidelines The Most Interesting Man in the World.” Ad Age, March 14, 2018,

Lapetina, Adam. “The Crazy Stories Behind 8 of the World's Oldest Booze Brands.” Thrillist, April 8, 2015,

“Innovation in Japan: The Exception Becomes the Rule.” The Coca-Cola Company, February 22, 2018,

Corcione, Danielle. “Coca-Cola Wants to Get You Drunk.” Complex, March 7, 2018,

“Coca-Cola to Launch Alcoholic Drink.” The Irish Times, March 7, 2018,

Buehler, Nathan. “Top 5 Companies Owned By Coca Cola (KO).” Investopedia, October 25, 2017,

Coca-Cola Co.: Ad Spend 2017 | Statistic.” Statista, February 2018,

O'Malley Greenburg, Zack. “The Real Story Behind Jay Z's Champagne Deal.” Forbes, November 6, 2014,

How Jay-Z And Diddy Made Millions Off Of 'Cheap Grapes'.” Business Insider YouTube, March 13, 2018,

“Hip-Hop's Future Billionaires.” Forbes,

Millington, Alison. “How George Clooney and Two Friends Accidentally Created a 'Hangover-Free' Tequila Brand.” Business Insider, June 22, 2017,

Felten, Eric. “Your 'Craft' Whiskey Is Probably From a Factory Distillery in Indiana.” The Daily Beast, July 28, 2014,

“National Beer Sales & Production Data.” Brewers Association, 2018,

“Report Finds More Than 1,280 Active Craft Spirits Producers in U.S.” American Craft Spirits Association, May 9, 2016,

“Craft Spirits Producers Sold Nearly 6 Million Cases Last Year Alone.” American Craft Spirits Association, October 24, 2017,

“MADD Virgin Drinks Available Exclusively at 2,600 Walgreens Drugstores.” PRNewswire, June 9, 2014,

Citations - Interlude: FADS goes to Vegas

  “Topic: Restaurant Industry in the U.S - Statistics & Facts” Statista,

“State of the Industry 2017.” National Restaurant Association, 2017,

“Top 100 Independents: The Ranking.” Restaurant Business, 2017,

Abend, Lisa. “The Cult of the Celebrity Chef Goes Global.” Time, June 21, 2010,,9171,1995844,00.html.

“America's 25 Most Successful Chefs of 2017.” The Daily Meal, 2017,

Weekly, Las Vegas. “50 Must-Eat Las Vegas Meals.”, April 16, 2012,

“Vegas Uncork'd | Schedule.” Vegas Uncork'd, 2018,

Curtas, John. “Eating Las Vegas.” Eating Las Vegas, April 1, 2018,

Diamond, Krista. “Five Giant Cocktails To Try This Weekend.” Eater Vegas, April 13, 2018,

Park on Fremont, 2017,

Fiddlestix – Gold Spike, 2018,

Buzz Pop Cocktails®, 2018,

Schultz., E.J. “Las Vegas Adds a Bespoke Beer Brand to Its 'What Happens Here' Campaign.” Ad Age, April 11, 2016,

Richards, Sarah Elizabeth. “How to End Your Sugar Addiction.” CNN, Sepember 30, 2015,

“Nevada Prostitution and Solicitation Laws -” Findlaw,

Lee, Joseph. “Las Vegas Returns to Sinful Roots.” CNNMoney, May 28, 2004,

“Australia's Thunder From Down Under.” - Las Vegas Hotels, Shows, Tours, Clubs & More, 2018,

Magic Mike Live, 2018,

Stephen, Nigel. “Nevada Legalizes Male Prostitution.” WOL-AM 1450, December 14, 2009,

Daly, Ian. “Exclusive: Meet America's First Legal Male Prostitute.” GQ, January 25, 2010,

Citations - Part 3: Drugs

Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. “Prescription Drug Advertising - Background on Drug Advertising.” U.S. Food and Drug Administration Home Page, June 19, 2015,

Ventola, C. Lee. “Direct-to-Consumer Pharmaceutical Advertising.” National Center for Biotechnology Information, October 2011,

Tigas, Mike, Ryann Grochowski Jones, Charles Ornstein, and Lena Groeger. “Dollars for Docs.” ProPublica, June 28, 2018,

Donohue, Julie. “A History of Drug Advertising: The Evolving Roles of Consumers and Consumer Protection.” National Center for Biotechnology Information, December 2006,

Entis, Laura. “DTC Pharma Ad Spending Slipped 4.6% in 2017: Kantar.” MM&M, March 12, 2018,

“Marketing And Direct-To-Consumer Advertising (DTCA) Of Pharmaceuticals.” National Conference of State Legislatures, July 1, 2015,

Tom, Kottler. “Marketers Discuss Catalysts for Use of Behavioral Science Techniques.” MM&M, April 4, 2018,

Lazarus, David. “Direct-to-Consumer Drug Ads: A Bad Idea That's about to Get Worse.” Los Angeles Times, February 15, 2017,

McCaffrey, Kevin. “How Pharma Marketers Are Using Behavioral Science.” MM&M, April 5, 2017,

Primack, Brian A. MD, PhD; Mary V. Carroll, BA; Megan McNamara, MD, MSc; Mary Lou Klem, PhD, MLS; Brandy King, MLIS; Michael O. Rich, MD, MPH; Chun W. Chan, MD, MPH; Smita Nayak, MD. “Role of Video Games in Improving Health-Related Outcomes.” National Center for Biotechnology Information, June 2012,

Baer, Stephen. “Game-Based Learning Helps Big Pharma Get Ahead.” Forbes, May 11, 2017,

Geiler, Kerry. “Protein Folding: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly.” Harvard University The Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, February 28, 2010,

Coren, Michael J. “Foldit Gamers Solve Riddle of HIV Enzyme within 3 Weeks.” Scientific American, September 20, 2011,

Baer, Stephen. “Game-Based Learning Helps Big Pharma Get Ahead.” Forbes, May 11, 2017,

"Suicide Claims More Lives than War, Murder, and Natural Disasters Combined.” American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, 2015,

“Treating Depression – Psychotherapy or Medication?” American Psychiatric Association, April 17, 2017,

“What Is Depression?” American Psychiatric Association, January 2017,

Schulz, Kathryn. “Did Antidepressants Depress Japan?” The New York Times, August 22, 2004,

Landers, Peter. “Drug Companies Push Japan To Change View of Depression.” The Wall Street Journal, October 9, 2002,

Brady, Alison. “Film Explores Antidepressant Use in Japan.” The Japan Times, July 12, 2007,

“Abilify Lawsuits.”, 2018,

“$19.5 Million Settlement Reached in Deceptive Marketing of Abilify.” Recall Report, January 2, 2017,

Friedman, Richard A. “A Call for Caution on Antipsychotic Drugs.” The New York Times, September 24, 2012,

Levine, Art. “Abilify Is Top-Selling U.S. Drug -- But New Reports Question Long-Term Antipsychotic Use, Cite Need for Personalized Services.” The Huffington Post, December 12, 2014,

Wolf, Z. Byron. “This Feels like a Tipping Point on Marijuana Legalization.” CNN, June 28, 2018,

Marks, Gene. “HP Finds an Opportunity in the Marijuana Industry.” The Washington Post, April 13, 2018,

Laslo, Matt. “Pot for All: How Congress Is Trying to Make Weed Legal.” Rolling Stone, May 29, 2018,

Lopez, German. “Marijuana Has Been Legalized in Nine States and Washington, DC.” Vox, June 26, 2018,

“Marijuana and Pain.” Marijuana as Medicine?: the Science beyond the Controversy, by Alison Mack and Janet E. Joy, National Academy Press, 2001.

Geiger, Abigail. “About Six-in-Ten Americans Support Marijuana Legalization.” Pew Research Center, January 5, 2018,

Williams, Sean. “Is Marijuana the Answer to the Opioid Epidemic? Some Seniors Believe So.” The Motley Fool, July 14, 2018,

Delkic, Melina. “Legal Marijuana Is Supported by Every Group in America except Jeff Sessions, Republicans and Old People.” Newsweek, January 11, 2018,

Roberts, Chris. “Sensing Big Bucks, Tobacco Companies Pivot Toward Marijuana.” Observer, March 2, 2018,

Quinn, Greg. “Marijuana Will Become Legal in Canada on Oct. 17, Trudeau Says.”, June 19, 2018,

Owram, Kristine. “Big money tests marijuana waters, with hedge funds leading charge.“ Bloomberg, July 13, 2018,

Canopy Growth Corporation,

“Leadership Team.” Canopy Growth Corporation,

Schultz., E.J. “Cannabis Is Thriving but Brands like MedMen Still Find Buying Ads a Slow Burn.” Ad Age, April 3, 2018,

Kohut, Tim. “LA Dispensary Launches The Largest Cannabis Marketing Campaign.” High Times, January 5, 2018,

Stanley, T.L. “With $2 Million Ad Push, Cannabis Retailer MedMen Hopes to Finally Ditch the 'Stoner' Cliche.” Adweek, April 6, 2018,

Powell, Burgess. “The Countries With The Most Relaxed Weed Laws.” High Times, February 28, 2018,

“Dutch MPs Vote in Favour of Regulated Cannabis Cultivation.” The Telegraph, February 21, 2017,

Packham, Colin. “Australia to Permit Medicinal Cannabis Exports in Bid to Capture Lucrative Market” Reuters, January 3, 2018,

Bennett, Chris. “Marijuana Farming Is Now For US Agriculture.” AgWeb, January 8, 2018,

Snell, Kelsey. “Suicide Is Rising Among American Farmers As They Struggle To Keep Afloat.” NPR, May 16, 2018,

“What Is CBD?” Project CBD, 2018,

Lhooq, Michelle. “The Best CBD Products for the Tasteful Non-Stoner.” NYMag, April 20, 2018,

Carrier, Stacie. “5 Health Benefits of CBD Oils.” Canabo Medical Clinic, December 16, 2017,

Fraser, Carly. “Top 10 Best Plant-Based Natural Sunscreens.” Live Love Fruit, May 21, 2013,

Citations - Part 4: Sex

Chamberlain, Craig. “Research Suggests Sexual Appeals in Ads Don't Sell Brands, Products.” Illinois News Bureau, June 22, 2017,

Castleman, Michael. “A New Study Reveals Our Deepest Sexual Insecurities.” Psychology Today, May 14, 2016,

Fenner, Justin. “Welcome to the Ball Sweat Economy.” GQ, September 23, 2016,

Patel, Neel V. “You Are Disgusting in so Many Ways. Scientists Just Outlined Six of Them.” Popular Science, June 5, 2018,

Spitznagel, Eric. “Now Deodorant Companies Are Eyeing Men's Balls.” Tonic, June 6, 2017,

Neff, Jack. “Is 'Fresh Balls' the Final Frontier in Male Grooming?” Ad Age, June 6, 2012,

Hosie, Rachel. “More and More Men Are Buying Deodorant for Their Balls.” The Independent, June 8, 2017,

Griffith, Erin. “Millennial Viagra Startup Hims Is Now Worth $200 Million.” Wired, March 2, 2018,

Conick, Hal. “Swipe Right: How Marketers Changed Online Dating.” AMA, April 27, 2016,

“The Way Strangers Meet via Dating Websites Is Changing Society in Unexpected Ways, Say Researchers.” MIT Technology Review, October 10, 2017,

Marateck, Juliet. “Online Dating Lowers Self-Esteem, Increases Depression.” CNN, May 29, 2018,

“The Ugly Truth About Online Dating.” Psychology Today, September 6, 2016,

Paul, Aditi. “Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking.” Mary Ann Liebert Inc. Publishers, October 1, 2014,

Conick, Hal. “Swipe Right: How Marketers Changed Online Dating.” AMA, April 27, 2016,

Smith, Aaron. “15% Of American Adults Have Used Online Dating Sites or Mobile Dating Apps.” Pew Research Center, February 11, 2016,

“Tinder’s latest feature, Tinder U, is only for college students.” TechCrunch, August 21, 2018,

Gerdau, Axel. “AI Sex Dolls Are Driving China's Sexual Revolution.” VICE News, January 19, 2018,

“Meet Harmony The Sex Robot.” VICELAND. March 14, 2018,

Accomando, Beth, Katie Schoolov, Matthew Bowler, and Nicholas McVicker. “San Marcos-Based RealDoll Launches AI Sex Dolls.” KPBS Public Media, April 20, 2018,

“There's a New Sex Robot in Town: Say Hello to Solana.” Realdoll, 2018,

Trout, Christopher. “RealDoll's First Sex Robot Took Me to the Uncanny Valley.” Engadget, April 11, 2011,

Griffith, Erin. “Henry the Sexbot Wants to Know All Your Hopes and Dreams.” Wired, May 15, 2018,

Accomando, Beth, Katie Schoolov, Matthew Bowler, and Nicholas McVicker. “San Marcos-Based RealDoll Launches AI Sex Dolls.” KPBS Public Media, April 20, 2018,

Nevett, Joshua. “Las Vegas Strip Clubs 'to Replace Showgirls with SEX ROBOTS to Pull in Punters'.”, January 20, 2018,

Moye, David, and Chris McGonigal. “World's First Sex Doll Brothel Caters To Those Who Don't Want Human Touch.” The Huffington Post, April 18, 2018,

Schäfer, Madlen. “Zu Besuch in Deutschlands Erstem Sexpuppen-Bordell.” Vice, October 24, 2017,

Constine, Josh. “Instagram Launches IGTV App for Creators, 1-Hour Video Uploads.” TechCrunch, June 20, 2018,

Papisova, Vera. “Everything You Need to Know About Pansexuality.” Teen Vogue, April 27, 2018,

Castleman, Michael. “Great Sex Without Intercourse - Older Couples, Erectile Dysfunction.” AARP,

Sorrel, Charlie. “A German Politician Proposes A Program For Sex Workers To Service Senior Citizens.” Fast Company, January 18, 2017,

“Sexualassistenz: Grüne Fordern Sex Auf Rezept Für Pflegebedürftige.” ZEIT ONLINE, January 8, 2017,

Citations - Epilogue

   O'Kane, Caitlin. “Sonic Blends Beef and Mushrooms for More Eco-Friendly Burger.” CBS News, March 7, 2018,

Gaulhiac, Nathalie. “A Tiny German Startup That Makes Protein Beer Is Taking off after Winning the Country's Largest Fitness Fair.” Business Insider, May 25, 2018,

McMillan, Tracie. “Menu of the Future: Insects, Weeds, and Bleeding Veggie Burgers.” National Geographic, March 8, 2018,

Gerdau, Axel. “AI Sex Dolls Are Driving China's Sexual Revolution.” VICE News, January 19, 2018,

“Artificial Intelligence Already Revolutionizing Pharma.”, January 10, 2018,

“Sex, lies and A.I. – How Americans feel about Artificial Intelligence,” SYZYGY, October 2017,

Solon, Olivia. “More than 70% of US Fears Robots Taking over Our Lives, Survey Finds.” The Guardian, October 4, 2017,

Gelb, Paul. “Branding, Marketing, and the Impact of Self-Driving Cars.” AMA, November 30, 2017,

Reinhart, RJ. “Americans Upbeat on Artificial Intelligence, but Still Wary.”, January 31, 2018,

O'Reilly, Lara. “A Japanese Ad Agency Invented an AI Creative Director - and Ad Execs Preferred Its Ad to a Human's.” Business Insider, Business Insider, March 12, 2017,

Stephen, Andrew. “AI Is Changing Marketing As We Know It, And That's A Good Thing.” Forbes, October 31, 2017,

“Neil Davidson of HeyHuman: How Brands Can Humanise AI.” More About Advertising, October 4, 2017,

Bergland, Christopher. “This Is Your Brain Binging on Food, Sex, Alcohol, or Drugs.” Psychology Today, May 31, 2016,

Marsch, Lisa A., and Jacob T. Borodovsky. “Technology-Based Interventions for Preventing and Treating Substance Use Among Youth.” National Center for Biotechnology Information, August 3, 2016,

ElTayeby O., Eaglin T., Abdullah M., Burlinson D., Dou W., Yao L. (2017) Detecting Drinking-Related Contents on Social Media by Classifying Heterogeneous Data Types. In: Benferhat S., Tabia K., Ali M. (eds) Advances in Artificial Intelligence: From Theory to Practice. IEA/AIE 2017. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 10351. Springer, Cham.

Livernois, Cara. “Researchers Develop Machine Learning App That Predicts Overeating Tendencies.” Clinical Innovation + Technology, December 15, 2017,